Fuel Cartel Agreement

Fuel Cartel Agreement: A Secret Deal That Affects the Global Oil Industry

The fuel cartel agreement refers to the secret deal made among the world`s largest oil-producing countries and leading energy companies known as the “oil cartel” or the “OPEC +” alliance. The deal aims to control the production and price of crude oil in the market, thereby affecting the global oil industry significantly.

What is the Fuel Cartel Agreement?

The fuel cartel agreement is a secret deal among OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) and non-OPEC countries to control the production and price of crude oil in the global market. The agreement aims to maintain a balance between supply and demand to ensure a stable price for crude oil.

The OPEC + alliance primarily includes the 13 OPEC member countries, including Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Venezuela, Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Angola, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, the Republic of Congo, and the United Arab Emirates. The non-OPEC members include Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Brunei, Malaysia, Mexico, Norway, Oman, South Sudan, and Sudan.

Since the 1970s, OPEC has played a significant role in controlling the global oil market. However, the emergence of the United States as a leading oil producer in recent years has challenged the dominance of OPEC. In response, OPEC formed a strategic alliance with non-OPEC countries like Russia to strengthen its position in the global oil market.

How Does the Fuel Cartel Agreement Affect the Global Oil Industry?

The fuel cartel agreement affects the global oil industry significantly, as it controls the production and price of crude oil in the market. The alliance`s production cut policies influence the oil market`s supply, causing fluctuations in global oil prices.

For instance, in April 2020, the OPEC + alliance agreed to cut oil production by 9.7 million barrels per day to stabilize the oil prices, which had plummeted due to the COVID-19 pandemic`s impact on the global economy. The production cut helped stabilize crude oil prices, which had fallen below zero in April 2020, marking a historic first.

The fuel cartel agreement also affects the oil industry`s future investments and production plans. The alliance`s policies and decisions influence oil-producing countries` investment plans and the companies operating in the industry. A sudden change in the oil market`s supply and demand situation can lead to significant losses for these countries and companies.

Why is the Fuel Cartel Agreement Controversial?

Despite its significance in stabilizing the global oil market, the fuel cartel agreement has been controversial because of several reasons:

1. Lack of Transparency: The deal is criticized for being a secret agreement that lacks transparency and accountability. The OPEC + alliance`s decisions and policies are not open to scrutiny, and their actions can significantly impact the global economy.

2. Market Manipulation: Some critics argue that the OPEC + alliance`s policies are manipulative and can lead to market distortions. The alliance`s production cuts can create artificial scarcity, leading to higher prices for consumers.

3. Adverse Impact on Developing Countries: Developing countries highly depend on oil imports and are vulnerable to oil price shocks. The fuel cartel agreement can lead to higher oil prices, which can adversely affect their economies and development plans.


The fuel cartel agreement is a secret deal among the world`s largest oil-producing countries and leading energy companies that affects the global oil industry`s production and price. The OPEC + alliance`s decisions and policies significantly impact the global economy, and their actions are highly controversial. Therefore, it is critical to ensure transparency and accountability in the fuel cartel agreement to avoid market distortions and protect the interests of all stakeholders.